Club History - Continued

(Club Badge)

The Far Eastern Club badge was created (as a painting) by our founders (the late) Ernie Danks and Michael Baker and is a permanent feature at the Oxford Club Dojo.

NUNQUAM OPPUGNATOR - Never the aggressor, reinforcing the self defence ethos of the art. The perimeter trigram symbols come from the I-Ching or Yì Jing (pronounced `ee-ching`) and are also known as the Classic of Changes or Book of Changes. The I-Ching is one of the oldest of the Chinese classic texts, the book of which contains a divination system (insight) and in some western cultures and modern East Asia it is still widely used for this purpose.

The 'Yin-Yang' symbol (taijitu) represents opposing forces i.e. passive v aggressive; soft v hard; small v large etc. The `dots` within the symbol signifies that nothing is entirely yin or yang, but each contains an element of the other and the `halo` effect represents the spiritual influence of the martial art.

The `crossed swords` means that violence exists and cannot be ignored, but should be rejected when possible by laying down the weapons.

The `olive branches` are the symbol of peace which is always achievable.

The `tied bow` represents the sash (ceremonial) worn by seniors, which currently is only awarded at first Dan, other students wear conventional belts.

The `trigrams` translate into a series of individual attributes from the Hexagram table - simply put they can signify `cause and effect, spiritual and physical` - the merging of Yin and Yang working together.

The text of the I-Ching is a set of broad statements represented by 64 sets of six lines each called hexagrams. Each full hexagram is a figure composed of six stacked horizontal lines, each line is either Yang (an unbroken line) or Yin (broken line). With six such lines stacked (and read) from bottom to top there are 64 possible combinations.

Trigrams - (read from the bottom line upwards)

The I - Ching Tri-grams (3 lines), Hexagram translation (relative to our Club Logo)is as follows:

Figure,Translation

  1. , Blending
  2. , Awareness of danger
  3. , Non resistance
  4. , Open, Receptive (bottom of badge)
  5. , Being the centre (circle theory)
  6. , Controlling
  7. , Movement
  8. , Managing force, adaptability (top of badge)

The solid line represents Yang, the creative and powerful principle. The open line represents Yin, the receptive embracing principle. These principles are also represented in a common circular 'Yin-Yang' symbol (taijitu) expressing the idea of `complementarity of changes` - when Yang is at the top, Yin is increasing from below, and vice versa.

As an example, figure 5 above represents the centre (posture) of Martial Arts which embraces Circle Theory. Circle Theory in this context means the creation of dual circular movements - e.g. an attackers` forward movement is drawn in by the victim, the victim using his body and/or arms makes a purposeful concise circular motion to blend with the attacker who is then taken off balance or thrown as a larger circle (Yang) around the smaller stable circle (Yin) of the victim.

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